What Are The Political Components Of The Geographic Space?

The political components of the geographic space  are those that are manifested across the borders between countries and their respective administrative divisions, as well as in the different forms of government that nations have.

On the other hand, geographical space includes the organization of society from a spatial or territorial point of view. It is the environment in which the different human groups develop and interact with the environment.

In addition to the political components, the geographic space also makes reference to the natural, economic, social and cultural components of society.

Geographical space

To better understand what the political components of geographic space are, it is convenient to clarify first what geographic space is. This arises from the constant transformations that human beings make in the course of time.

In the geographic space it manifests itself and satisfies basic human needs, such as food, housing and work.

It is the territory within which all human activity takes place and is in constant change and development due to the action exerted on it by its inhabitants.

It is composed of several closely related and interdependent elements. These elements are of a natural nature such as relief, climate, vegetation, fauna and hydrography.

The other elements that make up the geographical space are social (population, growth, migrations), economic (employment, production), cultural (languages, religions, traditions) and political.

Political components of geographic space

The political elements of the geographic space arise with the establishment of the borders or dividing lines drawn by man in the process of formation and creation of countries, confederations or groups of countries.

The latter is the case of the European Union, which has common rules and laws of strict compliance for all 28 countries that comprise it.

In addition to the way in which the territory is organized from the political-administrative point of view, the form of government established by the nations in their respective constitutions and laws is a political component of the geographic space.


The countries are delimited by geographical borders, which are manifested through milestones and coordinates that are drawn by agreements or jurisdictional impositions.

Within the countries there are in turn administrative divisions for the organization of the territory.

The countries are grouped into regions or communities, provinces, states or departments, municipalities or cantons, cities or communes, counties, villages, among others.

Forms of government

The forms of government are political elements that originate in the geographical space. Nations are organized and managed around forms of government and modes of production (capitalism, communism, etc.).

The forms of government derive from the type of society, culture, ideology and its process of historical formation.

The republican form is one of the forms of government. It has some differences depending on the country: it can be full presidential, semi-presidential, parliamentary and one-party.

Monarchies are also other forms of government that are part of the political components of the geographic space.

There are absolute, parliamentary or constitutional monarchies, and hybrid or semi-constitutional monarchies.

Finally, there are dictatorships or autocratic governments, which are a very little accepted form of government in contemporary society.


  1. Components of the geographic space. Retrieved on November 27, 2017 from estudioraprender.com
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  5. The forms of government. Consulted of abc.com.py
  6. Racine, Jean-Bernard, and Bailly Antoine S. Geography and geographical space: towards an epistemology of geography. Recovered from persee.fr

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