What Are Free Goods In Economics? (with Examples)

The free goods in economy are those that satisfy human needs but have the particularity that are not owned by anyone. Its obtaining or consumption is not subject to payments.

These goods are found in abundance or excess in nature and do not require a production process for their creation. The most specific examples of free goods are air, sunlight, and untreated water.

These assets should not be confused with others of common or social property, nor with the so-called common or unowned assets.

Examples of free goods

1- Sunlight

Sunlight is a good example of a free good. It is abundant in nature and its consumption is not rationed, as is the case with other types of scarce goods.

It has a use value because it is essential for life on the planet. It is a free good as long as it is not subjected to an industrial process.

This good provides vitamin E to the body. It nourishes the nervous system and activates metabolism through a cellular respiration process that occurs in the mitochondria, which are a kind of power generating plants contained in every cell of the body.

2- The air

Air is a carrier of oxygen, another free good essential to activate chemical processes in the body.

As in the case of light, life on Earth without air would be impossible. It is possible to go several days without eating or drinking water, but it is not possible to go more than a few minutes without breathing.

3- the water

Although cities pay for water services and this is a scarce commodity in many regions of the planet, water runs freely in abundance in other places such as lakes, rivers and seas, and anyone can take it without any restrictions.

Of course, it is non-potable water, because treated or mineral water services must be paid for.

4- The rain

This good necessary for crops and soil fertility is distributed equally to all when it rushes from the clouds. Without the rain, the reservoirs of water for human and animal consumption would dry up.

Life on the planet would be very difficult and almost impossible without the presence of rain, because it is a good generator of life and activator of productive processes.

5- The sand

Sand is another free good available in deserts; It does not belong to anyone and it can be disposed of with no other limitations than the possibility of carrying it through the dunes.

Characteristics of free goods

– Created by nature

– Free

– Many are abundant

– Non-transferable

– Tools

– They have no exchange value


  1. Definition of a free good. Retrieved October 10, 2017 from economicshelp.org
  2. Free good. Consulted of businessdictionary.com
  3. Free Goods Examples. Consulted from letslearnfinance.com
  4. What is a Free Good? Consulted of economianivelusuario.com
  5. Free goods. Consulted of economipedia.com
  6. Benefits of breathing pure air. Consulted from airepuro.rowenta.com.mx
  7. 20 examples of free and economic goods. Consulted of examples.co

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