The typical costume of Coahuila is characterized by its joy and color, especially in the case of the one worn by women. There are not many references that explain its origin, which remains a mystery.
There is a second suit that competes with this one for being the most traditional. It is the one in the Lagunera region. This city has the most populated metropolitan area in the state.
Coahuila de Zaragoza is located in the north of the United Mexican States, bordering the United States of America. Its capital and most important city is Saltillo.
The history of this suit is totally unknown. There are no geographical or historical records of its origin.
In any case, the men’s suit could have had an origin based on functionality, since the pants and shirts are similar to the work clothes of the ranchers.
Description and meaning
The typical costume worn by women in Coahuila is very bright and cheerful colors. The skirt is quite wide and decorated with different motifs. These can represent both flowers and representative products of the region.
One of the most common drawings are cacti, a plant present in the area. Likewise, characteristic fruits of the area usually appear.
The last element that appears on the skirt are white stripes that make the garment even more cheerful.
The costume is completed with shawls. The most traditional thing is to wear boots to complete the outfit.
As for the men’s suit, the highlight is its simplicity. It consists only of jeans, a classic denim shirt and boots. The latter can be adorned with different engravings, depending on the region.
Typical costume of Saltillo
Although it is not considered the typical costume of the state, the truth is that the one that men wear in the city of Saltillo is almost more popular and traditional. This male clothing is called the serape or jorongo.
This garment is a kind of poncho, made with cotton or lamb’s wool. It was widely used in the field among agricultural workers. Its primary function was to shelter in the long hours of work.
It began to be used during the colonial era, although the way of weaving it was influenced by the indigenous way. Soon the manual elaboration was replaced by the loom, brought to the region by the Spanish.
The motifs that adorn the sarapes are very colorful and it is supposed that they are based on a mixture between those used by the natives and some of those brought by the colonizers.
If the Saltillo costume competes among men for being the most typical of the State, the same happens among women, but this time with the traditional clothing of the Lagunera region. This has Torreón as its most important urban center.
In the case of this lagoon costume, it is assumed that it was born in 1945. It is also a very cheerful garment that represents the peasant woman of the region.
Among the motifs that adorn the costume are all the agricultural elements that represent the region: from cotton to bunches of grapes and ears of wheat.
Pérez-Canedo, Fabiola. They promote a 100% lagoon suit. Obtained from elpuntodetorreon.com.mx
Mexico, realities and dreams. Typical costume from Coahuila. Obtained from mexicorealidadessuenos.blogspot.com.es
History. Coahuila. Retrieved from history.com
Nations Encyclopedia. Coahulia. Retrieved from nationsencyclopedia.com
Roos, Dave. Traditional Mexican Clothing. Retrieved from howstuffworks.com