The 5 Main Elements Of Moral Judgment

The elements of moral judgment are the intention, the motive, the environment or means, the end pursued and the consequence. These components are built from unfounded ideas at home, school, and in general, through all the social activities of an individual.

Through moral judgments, individuals express their opinion about what is acceptable and good, or what is negative and reprehensible, of the acts of human behavior.

These estimates and judgments are governed by a canon established by the behavior agreements within the company.

The elements of moral judgment will determine whether each of the steps taken by man to obtain a goal will make good prevail.

Main elements / components of moral judgment

1- The intention

The intention seeks to determine what is being pursued when executing a certain act. Many of the actions that an individual performs must then be analyzed for their consequences.

What may seem like a good intention may have hidden dishonest plans.

An example of these situations occurs when renowned companies use charitable foundations as a front to launder ill-gotten money. Analysis of intention is essential when making moral judgments.

2- The reason

Motive refers to the impulse that drives an individual to perform an action. In this case, it is analyzed whether the motive is good or bad according to the condition of the person executing it.

It is generally taken into account if the intention of the individual is disinterested, if he seeks to help kindly, if he is governed by the norms established in education and the laws, among other criteria.

3- Environment or environment

Analyze the path, environment or environment chosen by the individual to achieve their objectives and goals. According to moral and ethical judgments, there must be a correspondence between the means and the ends. These must coincide to be considered accepted within society.

The phrase “The end justifies the means”, written by Machiavelli in the 16th century and popularized in the common imagination, is condemnable by the judgments established in morality.

This is so because it symbolizes the erratic and unscrupulous behavior that leads to crimes and injustices within society.

4- End to be pursued

This point refers to the ultimate goal to be achieved; that is, the ultimate purpose. This element is directly related to intention.

Moral judgments indicate that each of the steps must be carefully studied to obtain a goal, so that in no way there are negative consequences towards third parties, but that no one is harmed by individual ambition.

5- Consequence

The consequences are the facts that are reflected after having executed the decisions and actions.

In a moral judgment the intention, the motive, the means or the end may seem correct, but the last act to judge will be the consequences; thus it will be possible to notice if the good work that society demands of the individuals that make it up has prevailed.


  1. Moral judgment and its elements. Retrieved on December 4, 2017 from:
  2. Wellmer, A. (1994). Elements of the judgment. Retrieved on December 4, 2017 from:
  3. Introduction to Philosophy. Retrieved on December 04, 2017 from:
  4. Aristotle and rhetoric. Retrieved on December 4, 2017 from:
  5. Judgment. Retrieved on December 04, 2017 from:

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *