Some of the main elements of cinema are the direction, the script and the storyboard , the filming, the editing, the editing, the lighting, the human team and the production, which includes pre-production and post-production.
Cinema is an artistic branch, also called the seventh art. From its origins in the early 20th century, it has evolved into a very complex industry. Today it actively contributes to the economy of various countries.
The main elements of cinema
1- The address
It is one of the most important parts. The director is in charge of the technical direction of the film. He is the one who controls the filming in all its phases and ensures that the script is executed properly.
He acts as a boss who controls and influences the work of the actors. In addition, he decides on other aspects outside the interpretation, such as lighting, editing, makeup and costumes, among others.
On some occasions he also collaborates in the writing of the script, or even creates it entirely.
2- The script and the storyboard
The script is the work plan to follow during filming. It is the story on paper, sequence by sequence, with the dialogues, the music and all the elements that will be part of the final montage.
The storyboard is the part of the script that works as a visual guide to locate the most important scenes.
3- The filming
The filming is the part in which the actors intervene. The duration depends on many factors: budget, availability of locations, repetition of scenes and sequences, among others. At this point, what the script says is put into practice.
Often during filming modifications are made to the original plan. Sometimes as a result of proposals from the actors or the director; other times, out of obligation due to some unexpected setback.
4- The assembly
It is a very important element of cinema. Two aspects are involved in the montage: technical and artistic.
The technique refers to the process of creating a single piece from multiple cuts that are joined to form a whole, like a puzzle.
It is the mixture of image and sound – dialogue, music and effects – so that the final product that the public will see is created.
The artistic side of montage is the decisions made when including or discarding sequences, adjusting the music, adding sound or visual effects, and other elements.
5- The edition
It is part of the montage. It is up to specialist technicians who know how to use the appropriate audiovisual programs. They follow the director’s directives and sometimes provide input or suggestions.
6- The lighting
In both indoor and outdoor shoots, lighting is a key element during filming.
It helps to improve the atmosphere and the way in which the public will perceive the image. It can create sensations and is carried out by specialists.
7- The human team
It is made up of all those involved in the process, from the beginning to the end. It includes the actors and actresses, the production team, the technical team, the general support teams, and others.
In the case of large productions, hundreds of people may be involved.
It is the logistics arm of the cinema. It includes three stages: pre-production, production, and post-production. In each of these there are challenges and tasks to be solved.
For example, in pre-production, costs and budget are studied, auditions are held to choose the cast, and locations are searched, among other tasks.
Production refers to the creation of the film as such; it is the moment in which the specific sequences are filmed.
Post-production manipulates the footage obtained from the shoot and compiles it into what will later become the finished film.
9- The format
When the film is developed, the exposure format in which it will be shot must be clear. The first was the 35 mm, evolving to the current ones in 3D or Vistavision.
10- The distribution
Once the film is made, there should be a team dedicated to distribution. In other words, they are in charge of presenting and competing the film in different film festivals or awards to make it known.
11- The casting
It is the process of selecting actors and actresses who will play the different roles that will appear in the film. This ranges from the main actors to the less relevant extras.
- The filmmaking process step by step, on Learn About Film, at learnaboutfilm.com
- “The Complete Film Production Handbook”, Eve Light Honthaner. (2010).
- “The Filmmaker’s Handbook: A Comprehensive Guide for the Digital Era”, Steven Ascher & Edward Pincus. (2013).
- “Video Shooter: Mastering Storytelling Techniques”, Barry Braverman. (2014).
- The Beginner’s Guide to the Filmmaker Process, on New York Film Academy, at nyfa.edu