One of the most important traditions and customs of Jalisco is the anniversary of the founding of Guadalajara, the capital city of the state. This festival is celebrated on February 14 and includes cultural presentations (mariachi concerts, typical dances, singing competitions, among others).
Jalisco also presents various religious festivals, among which stand out the day of the Virgin of Guadalupe and the procession of the Virgin of Zapopan. Regarding the Virgin of Zapopan, it is necessary to emphasize that it is a journey that lasts more than five months (it begins in mid-May and ends in early October). For this reason, it is one of the most striking religious festivals in the state of Jalisco.
On the other hand, Jalisco is recognized for its mariachis. In fact, the popular costume of the state is the one worn by these popular singers. There is even a festival that seeks to protect these Jalisco traditions: the International Meeting of Mariachi and Charrería.
Traditions and customs of Jalisco
The gastronomy of Jalisco is characterized by the use of fruits, vegetables and marine products.
The traditional dishes of Jalisco are:
- Pozole. This is a thick pork soup, with tomato, coriander and chickpeas.
- Corn chowder. This is made with sweet corn.
- Apology. Goat or pork stew with tomato broth and hot chili peppers.
- Pico de gallo. Turnip chopped into cubes, seasoned with hot chili peppers and with orange and lemon juice.
- Frog legs with garlic sauce. The frog limbs are served with garlic sauce.
- Charcoal chicken.
- Carp caviar.
- Seafood tamales.
- Red enchiladas.
The typical sweets of this region are:
- Tamarindo candy.
- Membrilo cassette.
- Mango box.
- Ate, mainly the guayabate.
- Caramel cookie.
- Pumpkin candy.
The typical drinks of Jalisco are:
- Tejuino. This is an alcoholic beverage made from fermented corn.
- Sangrita. Sweet orange juice with hot chili peppers, onion and salt.
- Pulque de maguey.
- Honey water.
- Fruit punch.
- Place of honey.
2- Typical costume
The typical male costume of Jalisco is the charro, which is the costume used by mariachis. This consists of tight black pants, a black jacket and a wide-brimmed hat. All these elements are adorned with gold threads.
The typical costume of women is that of the china poblana. This is composed of a long red skirt and a white ruffled blouse.
3- International Meeting of Mariachi and Charrería
The International Meeting of Mariachi and Charrería is a festival that takes place in Guadalajara in order to protect the traditions of the state of Jalisco.
During this event, parades are held in which mariachis can be seen in their traditional costumes.
Similarly, musical presentations are made. These concerts are usually held outdoors in squares, parks, and other public spaces.
4- Feast of Santo Santiago
The feast of Santo Santiago is celebrated in the Zapopan municipality of Jalisco. During this festival the battle between the Arabs and the Spanish is commemorated.
The pilgrims come from different parts of the state and the country to participate in the festivities of Santo Santiago. It is common to see children dressed as Santo Santiago, which are traditionally known as “Santiaguitos”.
The festival of Santo Santiago is accompanied by the dance of the Tastoanes, which is a representation of the battle between Moors and Christians.
The dancers dress as the kings of Spain (Isabel de Castilla and Fernando de Aragón) and as the Moorish kings.
February 5- 14
On February 14, the anniversary of the founding of Guadalajara, the capital city of Jalisco, is celebrated. This is one of the most important festivals not only in the city but also in the state.
The first time the anniversary of the founding was celebrated was in the year 2000. Since then, it has been carried out continuously every year.
The festivities for the founding of Guadalajara include gastronomic fairs, mechanical attractions and cultural events (dances, mariachi concerts, among others).
6- May Cultural Festival
The May Cultural Festival is a cultural event in which artists from Jalisco and from all over the world participate. During this festival, singing and dancing competitions take place.
The state of Jalisco is recognized for its many artisan objects, including:
- Ceramic objects, such as pots, vases and vases.
- Jewelry, such as rings, bracelets, necklaces, among others.
- Leather work, such as saddles, bags, wallets, belts, sheaths for knives and swords, among others.
- Vegetable fiber objects, such as baskets, hats, cotton dresses, bags, among others.
8- Virgin of Zapopan
Every year in the month of October, the image of the Virgin of Zapopan runs through the most important temples in the region from the Metropolitan Cathedral to the Basilica of Zapopan. Hundreds of parishioners accompany the Virgin on her journey.
In the same way, on the path of the Virgin there are merchants who sell traditional products of the area: charro hats, woven bags, candy boxes, chocolates, alfajores, among others.
You can also find musical bands that accompany the pilgrims in their walk and dancers who perform native dances.
9- Day of the Dead
The day of the dead is celebrated on November 2. However, in some areas of Jalisco the celebration begins on October 31.
Celebrations for the Day of the Dead take place in local cemeteries. People visit these cemeteries to share with loved ones. There are those who bring the deceased’s favorite music and food to share with him.
10- Day of the Virgin of Guadalupe
On December 12, the day of the Virgin of Guadalupe is celebrated throughout the Mexican territory. In Jalisco, fair masses are held in honor of the country’s patron saint.
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