The technical knowledge refers to the set of practices and instrumental skills that enable the transformation of scientific knowledge into actions to solve specific needs.
This type of knowledge can be transmitted from one generation to another through the use of the oral or written word, and it is developed in people through study, repetition and practice. It is generally acquired through the modeling of people with technical mastery.
In general, in the development of technical knowledge instruments and tools are usually involved that allow the activities to be carried out. These will depend on the area in which you want to perform the task.
There is a wide gap within the realms of technical knowledge: it ranges from making a glass to making the latest microchip for supercomputers. Technical knowledge opens up a wide possibility of creation for human beings.
Today, technical knowledge is a very present notion in the field of personnel selection. In fact, it is a section that is included within the applicant’s profile and that determines the competencies of a person to qualify for certain positions.
Scientific knowledge and technical knowledge
Scientific knowledge establishes the principles, laws and theory that allow us to explain any natural phenomenon, allowing control and emulation of them and facilitating the bases that support the development of any technology.
However, it does not allow by itself to generate tangible and practical solutions to the needs and problems of humanity, since despite providing the necessary explanation and bases, it does not provide us with the “know-how” necessary to bring these theoretical notions to life. the practice.
It is then that the use of practical methods based on scientific knowledge and human abilities closes that gap, allowing these theoretical notions to be put into practice. From this, tangible solutions to certain needs are generated.
– Technical knowledge starts from a theoretical base that determines the foundations of the practice that is going to be carried out.
– It is based on an instrumentalization of scientific knowledge.
– It is not responsible for determining theories, postulates or hypotheses.
– Its results are tangible, without ethereal representations.
– It is developed through experience and constant application.
– Represents the “know-how” of certain areas of knowledge.
– It does not require the scientific method for its development.
– Does not accept dualities. Only one result is allowed, without the need for interpretation.
– It is carried out through the use of a specific methodology and may vary depending on the person who performs the activity.
Technical knowledge can be present in different disciplines of science and change from one area of knowledge to another.
The variation will be determined by those actions or processes that must be carried out to achieve the transformation of theoretical knowledge into a specific product of a specific field of work.
In engineering, technical knowledge is linked to the use of equipment and instruments that can generate tangible products through procedures based on principles and laws of science (mathematics, physics or chemistry).
Within the laboratories, a worker or scientist must have technical knowledge about the use, maintenance or calibration of certain equipment, in addition to theoretical and practical knowledge for writing technical reports.
In the automotive sector, a mechanic must possess the necessary technical knowledge to use tools that allow him to modify, improve or fix any type of problems that each vehicle presents.
A software developer needs to be able to use programs and tools that help him create applications, programs, web pages, platforms or digital media.
In the case of professionals who work in the finance sector or are business analysts, they must have the technical knowledge necessary to use process management programs and tools, UML diagrams, and other tools.
Despite the fact that technical knowledge is based on a series of theoretical knowledge, there are trades or professions that require further technical development in order to carry out their processes and provide a product.
Such is the case of the goldsmithing, shoemaking, carpentry, painting, sewing, bakery, cooking and hairdressing sectors, among others.
IT area (information technology)
Today, the technical knowledge in greatest demand are those related to the field of computer science and information technology.
Most of the processes are being automated and adapted for their development through digital programs and platforms. Within this technical knowledge we can find the following:
– Development of web or mobile applications.
– Management of programming languages.
– Web-page design.
– Management of office programs (Microsoft Office).
– CAD / CAE design programs.
– Simulation programs (solids, fluids, chemical processes, etc.).
– Manufacturing programs.
– 3D printing programs.
– Database programs (DB2, SQL, Hadoop, Oracle).
– Digital security.
– Programs for administration and accounting.
– Graphic design programs (Photoshop, Illustrator, Sketchup).
– Database management.
– Database design.
– Technical skills for statistical analysis.
– Management of social networks ( community manager ).
– Management of different languages as a communication tool.
Currently, the management of technical knowledge in the field of big data is a fundamental requirement for any professional.
More and more companies and industry sectors carry out their business dynamics with an emphasis on the analysis of external information, whether it is data on customers, on product acceptance or on the product of the competition, among others.
For this reason, the development of technical knowledge of tools and programs that facilitate the collection, classification, organization and interpretation of said information has experienced a boom given the great demand by most professionals in different areas.
Themes of interest
Types of knowledge .
Subjective knowledge .
Objective knowledge .
Vulgar knowledge .
Rational knowledge .
Intuitive knowledge .
Direct knowledge .
Intellectual knowledge .
Empirical knowledge .
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