Profesiography: Components, Importance And Examples

The profesiografía is a resource that is used to describe the competencies and skills needed to be met by a person time to take a position specific. Generally, this is done through a graphic representation made by a professional linked to the Human Resources area.

Due to the complexity involved in its preparation, it may sometimes require the intervention of psychologists, specialists and some important members of the company. Likewise, it is supported by surveys and interviews, which serve to define the necessary requirements to be fulfilled in the jobs and the type of person who must fit into them.

Then it can be said that profesiography is a material whose construction depends on several main components such as the character, training and age of the applicant for a job designed by a company.


The essential units for the realization of profesiography are the following:


The minimum and maximum age that you want to establish for the position is considered.


This section considers the educational level that the person who aspires to the position should have. Includes primary and secondary levels, university and specialized studies, as well as workshops, diplomas and courses.

Previous work experience

It is the description of the jobs and possible past responsibilities that may be linked to the position in question.

Particular skills and abilities

It has to do with the management of specific and basic tools and knowledge.

Physical state

It includes the state of health, coordination, motor skills and, in certain cases, even physical appearance.


It covers intelligence, analytical skills, oral and written expression, and mathematical reasoning.

Personality traits

It includes leadership, planning and organization skills, social and individual development, adaptability, responsibility, commitment, and attitude towards the job and the company.


In certain cases this section is included in the profesiography, since it indicates which are the calls for attention that will rule out one candidate or another.

At this point, it is worth mentioning that profesiography for leadership and management positions also includes what is called administrative requirements.

It is about the requirements that are needed for positions responsible for subordinates, so crisis management, empathy and approach to staff are evaluated .


In general terms, the realization of profesiography consists of a series of more or less simple phases, which are:

-Analysis of the job.

-Selection and preparation of tests for the construction of the job.

-Choosing a sample.

-Execution of established tests.

-Study of the results.

-Elaboration of profesiography.

According to some specialists, the elaboration steps are generally simple to carry out. However, the collaboration of the members of the company is necessary, from psychologists and managers of Human Resources, to workers from different areas.

On the other hand, it is considered a type of sensitive and delicate material, so its correct storage is suggested in order to analyze the development and evolution of the people who are directly linked to the job.


-It allows defining the technical, professional and personal characteristics that a candidate must have when applying for a job.

-As for the company, this resource will allow it to detect the best possible talent.

-Helps to establish a standard of quality and performance in all areas of the company.

-By relying on the experience of specialists in Human Resources and psychologists, a more comprehensive and humanistic vision is included within the business business model.

-It allows detecting skills that can later be better used for the company.

-It is vital its use, especially in environments where there is promotion and training.

-Looks for the correct assessment of the skills and abilities of the people who aspire to the position.

Professional orientation

This term has to do with the vocational orientation of a student regarding the work field of which he wishes to be part.

The professional orientation is built from the following elements: information provided in the student’s career, job demand, job offer, future projects, personal and professional aspirations, socioeconomic context and the geographic location of the main places where it can be performed the profession.

Other essential aspects are the following:

-Relation of the different professions with each other. This seeks to generate awareness among students about the other trades and careers that exist, and that are linked to the one that is of interest to them.

-Situation of the teaching of higher education that the student receives.

-Explanation of the means that can be achieved through the performance of the race in question.


Profesiographic profile of a biology educator

This professional must meet six essential competencies:

Theoretical competence

It consists of mastering the information and concepts of a given area.

Investigative competence

It refers to the search for methods and resources that allow students to interact with the different points related to the subject.

Pedagogical competence

Compendium of skills for the execution of classes, evaluations and other related dynamics, in order to guarantee an enriching learning process.

Technological competence

Ability to become familiar with the different technological tools when executing administrative work, and also when teaching classes.

Ethical competence

Respect for the professional values ​​attached to their profession and its responsibilities.

Intervention competence

It is related to the new educational model that seeks the more active participation of teachers in the lives of students, to help them become integral citizens.

Profesiographic profile of a school director in Mexico

-Position: director.

-Description: legally represent the institution, as well as the planning and supervision of the activities carried out on the campus. Also, establish schedules and academic loads for professors and teachers.

-Studies: a master’s or doctorate level in Education is required.

-Work experience: minimum of two years.

-Psychological demands: leadership, order, commitment, responsibility, punctuality and ability to work as a team.


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