The physical education activities are a very important part for both the development of motor skills, and adaptation of children to their bodies, which are constantly growing.
The purpose of these activities is not only to give children a better physical and mental development, but also to promote interaction between peers, preparing them for a better adaptation to society.
Additionally, an attempt is made to create a routine for the child to lead a healthier life, keeping him away from a sedentary lifestyle.
Depending on the ages of the children, the activities that are proposed are different, since the abilities of the little ones are not the same as those of the oldest.
Physical education activities for children from 6 to 8 years old
Knowledge and identification of stimuli
The children are distributed two by two, and one is placed behind the other. Then the child behind them draws a letter or number on the other’s back with her finger. Finally, the child in the front must guess what her partner wrote.
Coordination in pairs
Pairs of children are formed and a line is formed, where each pair follows the other. Then, the first couple is given a ring, which they must hold between the two children using only their heads.
Keeping the same distance between them, so as not to drop the hoop, they are made to advance until the teacher makes a signal. Finally, they turn around and without dropping the hoop, they hand it over to the next group, which repeats the action.
To learn to control breathing, each student is given a whistle and the following activities are proposed:
- Achieve a slight sound of the whistle, filling the lungs with air and releasing it gently and constantly.
- Blow the whistle at intervals, inhaling and holding the air for a moment, then blowing and holding the air again.
Identify the parts of the body
Groups of two students are formed and one of them is given a handkerchief. Then they begin to run around the terrain freely until the teacher says a body part.
Next, the student with the handkerchief must catch his partner and place it on the part of the body that the teacher pointed out. Once this is done, roles are swapped and the teacher chooses a new body part.
A series of rings are placed on the floor and students are instructed to move freely across the terrain. Then the teacher gives a signal and the students must stand on a hoop, looking in the teacher’s direction.
Next, the teacher will say in which direction the students should move, forward, backward, left or right. Finally, the students will move in that direction jumping, from one hoop to another, with their feet together.
Pass the ball
The teacher and the students stand in a circle. The activity / game consists of saying the name of a child and passing the ball to him. This will help them to know the names.
Physical education activities for 8-10 year olds
One or more rings are located at a height of one meter from the floor. Then, the students are placed in front of the hoops, at a certain distance. Next, the students, using one hand, will throw a ball with the intention that it passes into the ring.
The distance between the pupils and the hoop can be varied, making the activity easier or more difficult. By moving the hoop away, it becomes more difficult, and by bringing it closer, easier.
Pairs of students are formed, one of whom sits on the floor, with his legs extended and spread, and the other stands in front of him, with his legs closed. Then, the student who is on the floor closes his legs, and the one who is standing must jump and open his legs so as not to collide with those of his partner.
The movement must be repeated, achieving coordination between the two students.
Forming pairs of students, one is blindfolded, and the other stands behind. Through a series of directions, the student from behind must guide her partner.
If he touches both shoulders, the child with the bandage must stop, if he does not touch him, he must advance, and when he touches only one of the shoulders, he must go in that direction.
The student must stand up straight, with his arms extended upwards and his legs half open. Then, flexing one of your legs and tilting your body, you will go in that direction until you rest the palms of your hands on the floor, leaving your body inverted. Finally, you should keep moving in that direction, until you are back on your feet.
Using their body, students must represent the letters of the alphabet that the teacher indicates. In addition, by forming groups of several students, words can be formed, which must be identified by their classmates.
Students are arranged in pairs, and a line is drawn on the floor, placing one student on each side. Then they both hold the right hand and leave the right foot close to the line, bringing the left foot further back, to achieve better support.
Finally, when the teacher gives a signal, they begin to pull their partner in their direction. The student who manages to make his partner cross the line wins a point. Once this happens, they change hands and they start over.
Save yourself as you can
The purpose of this activity is to develop the child’s general dynamic coordination and temporal spatial perception.
The game begins by painting a circle on the ground about 15 meters in diameter. 2 groups of children are formed, one of which will be placed inside the circle.
The group of children outside the circle will take turns to throw a throw with the intention of touching one of those inside the circle, who will move to avoid being hit.
Each child who is touched with the ball must leave the circle until only one is left, who will be the winner.
Later, the groups will switch roles and the mechanics will be repeated.
Physical education activities for children 10-12 years old
Students are placed standing next to each other, with their hands resting on a wall. Then, each time the teacher gives a signal, they should jump in the same place, maintaining body posture.
As you increase the speed with which the teacher signals, the exercise will become more difficult.
Groups of three students are created, in which each student is assigned a number from one to three. Then the students begin to move freely around the terrain, until the teacher says a number from one to three.
At that time, the children in the group other than the number that the teacher said, must catch the child who was assigned that number.
A student with a rope stands at one point, and the rest form a circle around him. Then, when the teacher gives a signal, the student with the rope must rotate it at ground level, and the students in the circle must jump so that it does not touch them.
The student who is touched by the rope goes to the center, and the one in the center goes to the circle.
Groups of four students each are formed, who are arranged in a circle, holding hands, around a ring. When the teacher gives the signal, the students, without letting go of their hands, should try to get one to step on the hoop.
The student who steps on the hoop, or is released from the round is disqualified.
Agility and rhythm
Two groups are formed with the students, one group will form a circle, holding hands with outstretched arms. The other group is located within this circle, freely.
When everyone is in their places, the teacher plays music, and the students in the circle put their hands up, without letting go of their partner’s, and begin to dance. The students inside the circle dance too, but they look for places to pass when the music stops.
Finally, the music teacher and the students inside the circle try to escape, while those in the circle lower their arms to prevent this from happening.
Physical education activities for children 12-15 years old
Four pairs of students are formed, which are located one behind the other, and all on a starting line. Then, a ball is placed between the two students, which they must keep in the air using the back of the student in front, and the chest of the student behind.
When everyone is ready, the teacher gives a signal and all groups should try to reach the finish line first, without dropping the ball. In the event that the ball falls, that group must restart the race.
The first group to reach the finish line will be the winner.
Four groups of two or more students each are formed, and they are organized in four rows, one behind the other, starting from a line. Then, the first student in each group is given a bag, which they should put on, covering their legs and holding the edges with their hands so that it does not come off.
When the teacher gives the signal, the students begin to advance by jumping, to a line located further ahead, and from there they return to the starting line. Upon arrival, they pass the bag to the next student in their group, who must repeat the same.
Finally, the first group that has managed to get all its participants to do the tour with the bag will win.
Four groups of two students each are created and placed on a line. Next, one of the students stands on the ground, supporting the palms of his hands and his knees. The other student takes him by the ankles and lifts them, forming a wheelbarrow.
When the teacher gives the signal, the students must advance to a point, marked with a cone, or other object, using their hands. The first group to reach the cone and return to the start will be the winner.
Launch and grip
Two or more groups of several students are formed, which are located in a straight line, with the same distance from each other. On the end a basket or box is placed, at the same distance.
The first student in each group is given a ball, which they must pass, throwing it from one student to another, until they reach the last student in line. Then, said student has to put the ball in the basket.
If the ball falls somewhere along the way, or the last student fails to get it into the box, it must be started over.
The first group to put the ball in the box is the winner.
Of all the students, one is chosen, who will be the one who starts with the ball. The objective of the activity is that the student who has the ball tries to touch his companions by throwing it.
When another teammate is touched, he becomes part of the group that throws the ball, which cannot move when they have it in their hands.
The last student left, untouched by the ball, will be the winner.
Strength and teamwork
The class is divided into two groups; one stands in the right half of a long, hard rope, the other group in the other half. A line is painted on the ground or a handkerchief or other rope is attached.
The students will have to pull the rope as a team to beat the opposing team. When a student steps on the painted line on the ground, the opposing team has won.
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