The ethical behavior is the way to proceed in a human being that takes into account the welfare of others. That is, it is a conduct or behavior that is considered good. The opposite is unethical behavior, which harms people’s physical and mental well-being.
Examples of ethical behavior are when a person helps a disabled person to help out on the streets, when a pharmacist does not lower the prices of medicines in situations of need or when a person gives something that is left over to another.
Ethics refers to the ability of each individual to identify what actions are right and what actions are wrong. Using the application of values, such as: honesty, sincerity, loyalty, justice, peace and equality.
In this sense, ethical behavior allows you to weigh the options you have before making a decision. In order to choose the option that does not cause damage to society.
Thus, having an ethical behavior means in part following the laws and norms established for the coexistence of society; as long as they do not cause damage to it.
For this reason, it can be said that it governs the behavior of human beings. That is, it specifies how to act when you have obligations, duties and rights. So it is considered the pillar of society.
Ethical behavior is essential in the performance of daily activities. In the case of professionals, there are codes of ethics for each profession, which specify how each person should act in their professional field.
What is ethical behavior?
Example of decision making to achieve ethical behavior
When one person sees that someone else has dropped their wallet, they have several options.
One of them is to take it and keep it, another is to see what happened and move on, and the third is to take it and give it to its owner.
At that moment, it is necessary to have an ethical behavior, to identify the “good” and the “evil”, weighing in a balance the options that are had to later make the decision that agrees with the moral principles.
If the option is not made according to ethics and morals, it is evident that that individual decided to live as a selfish person or as a thief.
Ethical behavior and values
Although ethical behavior relies on the use of values, on many occasions there are contradictions between them. For example, telling lies is unethical behavior.
However, if a woman asks to be hidden from her abusive husband, and then the husband comes and asks if it is known where his wife is, it would be best to lie and say no, since it is to protect a person.
Another example would be when, due to police instigation, the priest is asked to violate the confidentiality of confession. In this case it is necessary to put aside part of the values and answer all the questions in order to solve the case.
For this reason, it is necessary to know that sometimes values can be put aside and still have an ethical behavior. What is necessary is always to weigh all the options and choose the most suitable.
Importance of ethical behavior
Ethical behavior is of great importance for society, because it establishes standards against acts such as: rape, murder, robbery and all those acts that contain the violation of Human Rights.
Likewise, it can be said that it is important because it allows us to determine what the behavior of the human being will be towards the people around him.
Ethical behavior in the professions
The professions have a code of ethics, which govern the conduct of professionals in their field of work. For example, the code of ethics for Physicians, Psychologists, Psychiatrists and Lawyers.
Principles of ethical behavior
Ethical behavior is made up of a set of principles, which are mentioned below:
It is one of the principles of ethical behavior that is strongly related to honesty. It consists of not being biased when making a decision.
For this reason, it is said that to have an ethical behavior it is necessary to put aside feelings , because they can deviate from the ethical.
For example, when a teacher teaches his children, it is likely that when he corrects a test of theirs he will be condescending and give them better marks than other students.
If you take that action, you would have unethical behavior, as it does not comply with the principle of transparency.
Respect is constituted by the courtesy action that exists between people. This principle is fundamental for human coexistence.
Responsibility as a principle of ethical behavior refers to the fact of being responsible for actions and complying with all commitments and obligations.
For example, doctors are responsible for the life of every patient they see. For this reason, they must answer for their actions in the event of any inconvenience.
It is a principle of ethical behavior that establishes that people must be honest and do right.
It is the equivalence relation that exists between the equal parts of a whole. Now, when we speak of equality as a principle of ethical behavior, it means that all human beings must have the same opportunities to achieve the established goals.
This principle is represented by the feeling of pity or sympathy towards the ills or misfortunes that affect other people.
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