How Is It Possible To Achieve Development In Poor Countries?

Reaching development for poor countries is possible with public policies for economic and social development that improve the quality of life of the inhabitants.

Development is the result of a complex process in which multiple factors are involved. Among the factors that determine sustainable human development are economic, social, political, environmental and cultural.

Given the diversity of economic conditions, cultures and experiences, each country must take into account its own needs, priorities and obstacles when defining its development strategies.

However, as there is a close link between development and poverty reduction, general principles can be discerned that poor countries should prioritize in order to move forward on the path of development. 

Quality public policies

It is essential that poor countries begin a process of improving the quality of their public policies. 

Having sound economic policies, strong and democratic institutions that respond to the needs of the population, and better infrastructure are essential for growth, poverty eradication and sustainable development.

Therefore, the construction of a state capacity that gives results to the important problems in social and economic matters implies not only its bureaucratic organization, but also its political system.

Peace, freedom, respect for human rights, and equity, among others, are also basic factors that must be complemented by public policies.

One of the public policies that cuts across most of these factors —and that is therefore descriptive of the development process and its complexity— is education.

Quality educational policies

Education is one of the main strategies to advance towards the development of poor countries because it contributes directly or indirectly to all the other factors that intervene in development.

Better jobs

Schooling provides skills that allow for better jobs and, therefore, better pay.

Likewise, education is decisive in breaking the cycle of chronic poverty so that it is not transmitted from one generation to another.

Has a beneficial impact on health

When parents are educated they can adopt proper hygiene and feeding practices.

In this way, malnutrition of children is avoided and diseases are prevented. Breastfeeding practices, good water use and sanitation reduce infant deaths.

Contribute to gender equality

Education can set in motion the process by which boys and girls build a society with greater equality between the sexes. In addition, it provides tools for women to avoid child marriage and teenage pregnancy.

The empowerment of women improves the living conditions of their children and makes a society more just.

Promote food safety

Food education plays a preponderant role in eradicating hunger and working in food production.

Both issues are closely linked in rural populations, since hunger prevents the population from working to produce food and low production, in turn, accentuates hunger.


The development process of poor countries implies an improvement in the quality of public policies aimed at satisfying present needs without compromising the needs of future generations.

On the other hand, these policies must consider economic growth as an instrument for the well-being of its citizens.

Education constitutes, therefore, one of the fundamental strategies to achieve development.


  1. HOPKINS, M. (1991). Human development revisited: A new UNDP report. World Development, 19 (10), 1469-1473.
  3. CHABBOTT, C., & RAMIREZ, FO (2000). Development and education. In Handbook of the Sociology of Education (pp. 163-187). Springer US.
  4. OXAAL, Z. (1997). Education and poverty: A gender analysis (Vol. 53). Sussex: Institute of Development Studies at the University of Sussex.
  5. GASPERINI, L. (2000, September). From agricultural education to education for rural development and food security: All for education and food for all. In Fifth European Conference on Higher Agricultural Education: From Production Agriculture to Rural Development: Challenges for Higher Education in the New Millennium, University of Plymouth, UK. Recovered from fao. org.

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