Flag Of Risaralda: History And Meaning

The Risaralda flag It was adopted as an official symbol in 1969. This happened three years after this department belonging to the Republic of Colombia was created.

In this area the settlement by the Spanish took place in the mid-nineteenth century. Once Antioquia began its post-colonization growth phase, the region began to develop.

By 1905 this territory was large and populated enough to become a department: Caldas. However, generalized economic differences led it to divide into three smaller areas: Risaralda, Caldas, and Quindío. At present, together they are part of the so-called Colombian coffee axis.


Risaralda had been segregated from the department of Caldas in 1966, and previously Quindío had done the same. Initially, the bill presented for this segregation contemplated 20 municipalities.

Finally, seven municipalities were excluded in Law 070, approved on November 23, 1966 by the Congress of the Republic.

The legal life of the newly created department began on February 1, 1967, led by an organizing board.

In 1969 the government of Risaralda published ordinance number 18, dated December 3, by which the official flag of this department was adopted. The text of the first article reads like this:

“The following insignia should be adopted as the Official Flag of the Department of Risaralda: fabric in sinople (green) with a strict shade of emerald, with a rectangular shape and extended horizontally, preferably in fabric or taffeta.

Its measurements are one meter and twenty centimeters (1.20) by sixty centimeters (0.60). As its own symbol, it will have thirteen metal (silver) stars arranged in a descending arc in its center. It will be fixed on the pole, without moharra. “

This ordinance was signed in Pereira, capital of the department. Its signatories were Governor Jorge Vélez Gutiérrez, Government Secretary Reinaldo Rivera Benavidez and Secretary of Economic and Social Development Gustavo Orozco Restrepo.


In general, flags are a way of identifying a country or region. The idea of ​​hoisting flags developed from the requirements of ancient warfare and the battlefield.

The shields were painted with emblems or symbols to identify friends or enemies. Warriors needed to know where their leaders were; therefore, the custom of carrying a mast was adopted. Later the idea of ​​flags began.

Today, the colors and emblems chosen by each country for its flag are deeply symbolic.

In this sense, the design of the Risaralda flag is quite significant, but simple: fourteen stars on an emerald green background. This fund refers to the fertility of its lands, a predominant characteristic in the region.

In fact, agriculture and livestock are among its main economic activities. In addition to coffee, other agricultural products such as banana, pineapple, potato and corn stand out.

On the other hand, the stars represent the municipalities that make it up. These are: Pereira, Apía, Santuario, Balboa, Santa Rosa de Cabal, Belén de Umbría, Quinchía, Dosquebradas, Pueblo Rico, Guática, La Celia, Mistrató, La Virginia and Marsella.


  1. Anthem, symbols and flag. (s / f). Official website of the Risaralda Government. Retrieved on November 15, 2017, from risaralda.gov.co
  2. Woods, S. and McColl, R. (2015). Colombia. United Kingdom: Bradt Travel Guides.
  3. Law No. 70. Official Gazette of the Republic of Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia, December 10, 1966.
  4. Risaralda was created 50 years ago. (2016, December 01). In the diary. Retrieved on November 15, 2017, from eldiario.com.co
  5. Ordinance No. 18. Government of Risaralda, Pereira, Colombia, December 3, 1969. Retrieved on November 15, 2017, from asamblearisaralda.gov.co
  6. Flag Symbols. (s / f). In Signology. Retrieved on November 15, 2017, from signology.org
  7. López Jurado, G. (s / f). Postal issue “Department of Risaralda 50 years 1967 – 2017”. Retrieved on November 15, 2017, from afitecol.com

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