Tag: Neuropsychology

Hypnotics: Characteristics, Types And Their Effects

The hypnotics are drugs that are used to produce effects of sleepiness in people, allowing treat anxiety disorders and sleep disorders. The group of hypnotic drugs is closely related to the group of sedative drugs. The main action of hypnotic drugs is to generate drowsiness. In contrast, sedative drugs have the main therapeutic objective of

Left Cerebral Hemisphere: Functions, Characteristics

The left cerebral hemisphere constitutes the left region of the brain. Anatomically it is identical to the right hemisphere, but it has a series of differences both in its functioning and in the activities it performs. The left hemisphere is characterized by presenting a much more analytical, detailed and arithmetic functioning than the right hemisphere

Acquired Brain Damage: Causes, Consequences And Treatment

The acquired brain injury ( DCA ) is an injury that occurs in a brain that had hitherto presented normal development or expected. It can be the result of different causes: head injuries (TBI), cerebrovascular accidents (CVA), brain tumors, anoxia, hypoxia, encephalitis, etc. (De NoreƱa et al., 2010). In some cases, the scientific literature uses the

Brain Tumors: Types, Symptoms, Causes And Treatments

The brain tumors are one type of disease characterized by abnormal tissue formation in both the brain and the spinal cord (National Institute of Cancer, 2015). It is an abnormal accumulation of cells that form a mass (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, 2016). Despite the fact that the body of knowledge about this

Colpocephaly: Symptoms, Causes And Treatments

The colpocephaly is a congenital brain abnormality that affects the structure of the ventricular system. At the anatomical level, the brain shows a significant dilation of the occipital horns of the lateral ventricles. It is possible to observe that the posterior portion of the lateral ventricles is larger than expected due to an abnormal development of

Charcot-marie-tooth Disease: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

The disease Charcot-Marie-Tooth  is a sensory-motor polyneuropathy, that is, a medical condition that causes damage or degeneration of the nerves peripherals (National Institutes of Health, 2014). It is one of the most frequent neurological pathologies of hereditary origin (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, 2016). It gets its name from the three doctors who first described

Prader Willi Syndrome: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

The Prader-Willi Syndrome ( PWS ) is a multisystem disease that has a genetic origin of congenital type. It is a complex disease that affects appetite, growth, metabolism, behavior and / or cognitive function. At the clinical level, during the childhood stage, this disease is characterized by the presence of various medical findings such as

Brain Meninges: Layers And Spaces (with Images)

The cerebral meninges are connective tissue membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. They are located under the skull and have a soft structure whose functions are cerebral and cranial vascularization, and pprotect the central nervous system from possible damage. The brain and spinal cord are the most protected structures in the entire body, and