The external pterygoid or lateral pterygoid is an important chewing muscle. The term comes from the Latin Pterygoideus lateralis or externus. It is made up of two fascicles or muscle bundles, one upper and one lower. Each muscle bundle fulfills a specific function contrary to that of the other, but they work in a coordinated way.
The uterus is a pear-shaped, hollow muscular organ located in the midline of the pelvis, between the urinary bladder and the rectum. It is part of the female reproductive system and in this the embryo and placenta are implanted during pregnancy. The female reproductive system is made up of internal reproductive organs and external genitalia.
The pulmonary lobes are the well-defined sections into which the lungs are divided, demarcated by a series of folds in the membrane that covers these organs. A lobe refers to the rounded, protruding part of an organ, which marks a clear division or extension of the organ, and which can be determined without the use
The palatine bone is the name given to the bone structure that is above the palate and gives it its shape. Etymologically its name derives from the suffix “ino”, which means “proper of”; and the word palatum , which means palate. In conjunction with other bone structures, this bone shapes the face in the human
The integumentary or integumentary system is formed by the skin and its annexes, that is, the sweat and sebaceous glands, hair and nails. It is the largest organ in the human body, constituting approximately 16% of total body weight. This organ covers the entire body and continues with the digestive system through the lips and
The hydrolytic enzymes or hydrolases, are molecules that catalyze hydrolysis reactions (hydro = water; lysis = rupture), ie catalyzing a chemical reaction between a water molecule and other molecule. Hydrolases, like most enzymes, are protein in nature, meaning that they are composed of one or more polypeptide or amino acid chains. Enzymes are present in
The pectoralis major muscle belongs to the group of paired superficial muscles of the anterosuperior region of the thorax, in fact, it is the most superficial of all the muscles in the area. It is located below the mammary glands, above the pectoralis minor muscle. In Latin it is written musculus pectoralis major. It is
The Wernicke ‘s area is one of the main areas of the cerebral cortex responsible for understanding spoken and written language. It is considered the center of receptive language and generally it is in the left hemisphere. This is true for 90% of right-handed people and approximately 70% of left-handed people. Specifically, Wernicke’s area encompasses the
The abdominal cavity is the body space that the region of the abdomen occupies, located between the diaphragm and the opening of the pelvis. It is the largest cavity in the human body and contains the main organs of the digestive, urinary and genital systems. For its study and clinical evaluation in the field of
The pepsin is an enzyme present in gastric juice powerful to aid in the digestion of proteins. It is actually an endopeptidase whose main task is to break down food proteins into small parts known as peptides, which are then absorbed by the intestine or degraded by pancreatic enzymes. Although it was isolated for the