The Casanare shield was officially adopted in 1997 and its various sections represent symbols of the Casanarean culture. The symbolism focuses on the independence feats of the llaneros and the distinctive natural characteristics of the territory.
Casanare is a recent department in Colombia, since it was not accepted as an independent department until 1991.
The territory had existed as a region of the oldest department of Boyacá or as a police station for hundreds of years. However, it did not have the autonomy of a department; He obtained it at the end of the 20th century.
Casanare’s shield is young; it was proclaimed as official on May 15, 1997. This happened through a contest won by the heraldists Ana Isabel Navarro and Andrés Avellaneda.
Although there was some criticism for the similarity of the shield with shields of other departments, this is still the official symbol of Casanare.
The frame of the shield is composed of a black eagle with two crowned heads. Above the heads of the eagle, a silver fist raises four arrows. The fist is in the middle of two laurels.
In the middle of the eagle the shield itself is fixed. It consists of three paintings with symbols related to the Casanare culture: a centaur, a bull and the sun over a body of water.
Casanare is historically known as the land of independence. Like the other llaneros territories, the soldiers of the region formed most of Simón Bolívar’s independence army.
The centaur represents the contributions of the Casanare region to the struggle for independence. The red color of the painting symbolizes the blood shed by the heroes of that fight.
The reason why a centaur was chosen to represent these soldiers is the national anthem.
This hymn makes reference in its sixth stanza to “indomitable centaurs” who descend from the plains. This immortalizes the soldiers coming from Casanare and the border departments.
On the right is a green box with a bull’s head. The green color symbolizes the plains of the territory.
The prairie defines the culture of Casanare so much that its inhabitants call themselves “llaneros.”
The main activities of these llaneros have been and continue to be agriculture and livestock.
The importance of livestock for the identity and economy of the department is reflected in the green square of the shield.
Sun over water
Another name for this region is Orinoquia, as it is bordered by the mighty Orinoco River.
The river and its many tributaries provide the indispensable water resource for the inhabitants to continue their economic activities. They are also part of the natural beauty of the grasslands.
The importance of the rivers that define the Orinoquia is reflected in the Casanare shield.
- Drafting ELTIEMPO. (December 12, 1996). Casanare, chose his hymn and shield. Recovered from eltiempo.com
- Drafting ELTIEMPO. (May 20, 1997). Controversy in Casanare for the adoption of symbols. Recovered from eltiempo.com
- Governorate of Casanare. (2017). Casanare Shield. Recovered from casanare.gov.co
- Drafting ELTIEMPO. (May 14, 1999). Casanare, land of independence. Recovered from eltiempo.com
- Made in Colombia. (2016). Official full lyrics of the national anthem of Colombia. Recovered from himnonacionaldecolombia.com