Some typical dances and dances of Quintana Roo are the head of pig dance, the parade, the dance of the chicleros, the jarana, and the Sambay Macho. Quintana Roo falls within the region known as the Yucatan Peninsula, a part of the country that is defined by the vigorous presence of the Mayan culture .
The indigenous roots of the state can be seen in most of its typical dances. The dances of Quintana Roo also tend to be faster than the dances in many regions of the country, somewhat similar to the zapateados of Guerrero.
Main typical dances of Quintana Roo
1- Pig’s Head Dance
The pig’s head is a popular dance throughout the state of Quintana Roo. It is commonly performed during state celebrations. It is considered an essential show for the big parties of the state capital, Chetumal.
Like most of the traditional dances of Mexico, it is carried out with clothing of various colors.
The music that accompanies the dance is a type of “son”, which is a genre of regional music that is heard in the central and southern areas of Mexico, with brass instruments.
The dance is usually slow and is danced around a pole while the dancers grasp ribbons of various colors.
2- The Dance Parade
Pasacalle dance is a slow dance more similar to European dances than to Amerindian ones. It is danced in groups of pairs of men and women dressed in typical clothes of the Mexican folk dance.
This dance is popular in many regions of Mexico. Like the pig’s head dance, the Quintana Roo variant is distinguished by the frequent turns that the dancers give.
3- The Chicleros Dance
The dance of the chicleros is a show that combines dance with theater. In this dance, the attempt of farm workers to woo a village woman is represented.
Eventually, violence arises when the males discover that there are several with the same intentions.
In the dance, a dancer represents the woman and the other dancers represent the men.
It is danced to the rhythm of a son with fast brass instruments and the dance is very energetic, taking all the available stage.
4- La Jarana
The “Jarana” is a broad term that encompasses a type of dance and a type of music typical of the Yucatecan region. The type seen in Quintana Roo may also carry the specific name Jarana Quintanarroense.
It is a folk dance, zapateado type that is danced in pairs of men and women. The music that is played is the jarana, which is similar to the son, except that it is usually made with wind instruments.
5- The Male Sambay
The male sambay is a fast zapateado type dance and one of the fastest dances in the region. This dance can be carried out individually, since it does not require a partner, but it is usually danced in groups of line dancers.
It does not have a well defined spelling, so it can be spelled Zambay Macho, Sanbay Macho, or Dzanbay Macho, apart from other combinations.
Like all the Mexican territory, Quintana Roo has a rich culture that combines Amerindian and European aspects. This is reflected in its wide variety of folk dances that continue to be performed at festivals and cultural events.
The fandango was created by Spaniards who lived in America in the 18th century, its expansion reaching the peninsula itself later. This mestizo dance is very lively and cheerful, made up of various sounds that are combined with the steps of the jarana.
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Place. Identity. Culture. (2017). The chicleros dance. Retrieved from sites.google.com/site/placeidentityculture
Turimexico.com. (2017). Dances in Quintana Roo. Recovered from turimexico.com
Mahahual. (2017). Typical dances of Quintana Roo. Recovered from mahahual.mx