Sustainable measures for the use of natural resources are important to avoid environmental degradation, avoid the development of climate change or ensure air quality.
Ecological degradation and the depletion of natural resources have placed on the table the issue of sustainable use of the resources that nature provides us.
Ecologically sustainable development is only possible if people identify with the problem, and show a genuine willingness to participate in conservation measures for natural resources.
That is why below we present five sustainable measures for the use of renewable and non-renewable natural resources. The starting point begins in each community.
Re-classify and recycle materials
It is suggested to fully reuse all items or products before disposing of them. For example: sheets of paper can be used on both sides.
You can also reuse grocery bags for purchases, and purchase plastic containers with the recycling logo under their belt.
Organic waste, such as fruit and vegetable peels, food leftovers, paper napkins, grass, leaves, branches, among others, must be deposited in a special container.
Similarly, inorganic waste (aluminum, cardboard, paper, glass and plastic) must also be collected in specific containers according to its classification.
Invest in the use of renewable energy
About 93% of the world’s energy sources are fossil fuels, and renewable energy accounts for only about 7%.
Burning fossil fuels produces emissions of carbon dioxide, which is the greenhouse gas that contributes to global warming and severely damages planet Earth.
Renewable energy sources, such as hydropower, solar power, and wind power, are renewable, efficient, and non-polluting, or cause little pollution.
Therefore, it is highly recommended to use supply alternatives that are in line with renewable energy sources.
Reduce the emission of polluting gases
The burning of garbage, leaves and other objects should be avoided, as well as making bonfires in forests or in the middle of the city.
Likewise, if an effort is made to change the fuel dispensing mechanism in vehicles, from gasoline or diesel to natural gas, emissions during the combustion process would decrease considerably.
Save water consumption
Water is an extremely scarce resource worldwide, so its care and rational use are essential.
For this, it is recommended not to leave the sink or faucet open until it is strictly necessary.
Water from the shower and waste from the washing machine can be reused for cleaning, watering and flushing. Shortening the duration of showers can also be a sustainable measure.
Be efficient in the use of electrical energy
According to studies carried out by Greenpeace, for every kilowatt of electricity saved, the emission of approximately 800 grams of Carbon Dioxide will be avoided. Therefore, saving electrical energy is a key point.
To do this, it is recommended to change the light bulbs to energy-saving bulbs, and thus reduce electricity consumption by up to 75%. T
The lights should also be turned off while no one is home. Disconnecting electrical appliances is a very effective measure to save energy use.
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- Ministry of the Environment and Natural Resources (2015). Actions to take care of the Environment. Mexico DF, Mexico. Recovered from: gob.mx.